Page 9 - Education Change and Economic Development: The Case of Singapore Dr. Goh Chor Boon National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University
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Education Change and Economic Development: The Case of Singaporec69

                   policy in schools and provided three streams of instruction at both primary and

                   secondary levels. Instructional and curriculum standards were raised through
                   the centralization of writing of instructional materials and textbooks. The
                   Curriculum Institute of Singapore (CDIS) was set up in June 1980 to produce

                   teaching materials of high quality which included textbooks and multi-media
                   teaching materials. In short, the underlying philosophy of the education system
                   was to let pupils progress at a pace suited to their individual abilities. Its aim

                   was to enable each child to go as far as possible in his or her schooling career,
                   thereby giving everyone the best possible educational foundation for subsequent
                   training and employment. By reducing dropouts, the NES achieved its objective
                   of cutting educational wastage in the education system.

                        Economic Development in the 1990s and the
                        “Thinking Schools, Learning Nation” Vision

                       Increasing regional and international competition motivated Singapore’s
                   leaders in the 1990s to initiate “The Next Lap” – a vision for economic

                   development that would propel the city-state to be in the league of the industrial
                   economies and to attain the same standard of living as the Swiss by 2020.  To
                   achieve this objective, the economic policy of the Economic Development
                   Board (EDB) continued to be pro-MNCs but attracting only those that were
                   able to invest in industrial clusters that were deemed to provide the next wave
                   of economic expansion. Local companies were encouraged to move out into the

                   Asia-Pacific to tap on cheaper production resources and to place Singapore in

                   8    Government of Singapore, Singapore: The Next Lap (Singapore: Times Editions,
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